Research Articles | Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters

Performance of Self-Compacted Concrete Exposed To Fire or Aggressive Media

Khaled Mohamed Heiza


Fires and aggressive environment affect the durability of different types of concretes, so experimental investigation of concrete deterioration is very essential. The production of self – compacted concrete (SCC) mixes with two different types of mineral admixtures (silica fume and fly ash) are included in this research. The workability of fresh concrete mixes was investigated using five different international specified techniques. The properties of hardened concrete samples were determined under the exposure of different temperatures, which ranges between 25ºC and 600ºC. The effects of the methods of treatment for concrete samples after being exposed to fire on there, physical and mechanical properties were investigated. On the other hand the effects of some aggressive and corrosive mediums on the hardened mechanical properties and deterioration of the different mixes of (SCC) in comparison with normal concrete (NC) was also investigated. Both (MgSo4) and (MgCl2) were used to investigate the corrosion of reinforcing steel bars and deterioration of SCC mixes. Self-compacted concrete containing fly ashes has a good durability performance rather than self compacting concrete containing silica fume.


media; self-compacting; strength; deterioration; weight loss, fire resistance

Full Text:



Larralde - Murro and J. Müller-Rochholz. Self-Compacting Concrete with Local Fresno Components. California State University, 2002. Fresno, USA.

EFNARC.Specification and guidelines for self-compacting concrete. EFNARC, Farnham, Surrey GU9 7EN, UK, February, 2002. pp. 1-32.

K. A. Bendary. The effect of method and duration of curing on the durability of concrete. M. Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Engineering, Zagazig University, 1996. Egypt.

Erika Holt. Self-compacting concrete, state-of-the-art part iv. fire resistance. Technical Research Center of Finland, VTT Building and Transport, 2003. PP. 1-14.

Y. Xu and et al. Impact of High Temperature on PFA Concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 2001. Vol. 31, PP. 1605-1073.

Chi-Sun Poon and et al. Strength and durability recovery of fire-damaged concrete after postfire-curing. Cement and Concrete Research. 2001. Vol. 31, PP. 1307-1318.

N. M. nofal and M. M. Abdel-Razek, Mechanical and microstructure characteristics of thermally treated concrete containing fibers. (C E R M) Civil Engineering Research Magazine, 2001. Vol. 23, No. 3, PP. 938-950.

Frank Davis and et al., Mechanical properties of high performance concrete after exposure to elevated temperatures. United States Department of Commerce Technology Administration, 2000. USA. PP. 1-35, and March.

M. M. Soaib and et. al. Effect of Elevated Temperatures on the Mechanical and Physico-Chemical Behavior of Normal, High Strength and Light Weight Concrete. 4th IEC, Faculty of

Engineering, Mansoura University, 2004. Egypt, PP. C51-C59, April.

Min Li and et. al. Mechanical Properties of High-Strength Concrete after Fire. Cement and Concrete Research, 2004. Vol. 34, PP. 1001-1005.

Lars Bostrom. Minoratire self – compacting concrete development of kest methodology fordetermination of fire spalling. Sp Swedish national testing and research institute S P fire technology S p report 6. 2004.

Lars Bostrom. The performance of some self– compacting concretes when exposed fire. Sp report 2002: 23, Boras, Sweden.

J.Oredsson. Tendency to spalling of high strength concrete. Report M 7: 4 Lund, 1997.Sweden.

Z. A. Etman. Self–Compacting Concrete Properties and Fields of Applications. M.Sc. thesis, faculty of engineering Menoufiya University 2004. Egypt.

Sh.T.Ayob. Durability of Self – Compacting Concrete. M.Sc Thesis, Faculty of Engineering Menoufiya University 2005. Egypt.

A. H. Abdel –Hafez. Properties and durability of grounded blast furnace slag concrete. M. Sc.

Thesis, Egypt Faculty of Engineering,. Zagazig University, 1997.

O. S. Al -Amoudi and M. Maslehuddin. The effect of chloride and sulfate ions on reinforcement corrosion. Cement and Concrete Research, 1993. Vol. 23, No. 1, PP. 139-146.

Guneyisi, E and Gesoglu, M. Properties of self-compacting portland pozzolana and limestone blended cement concretes containing different replacement levels of slag. Materials and structures, 2011. 44:1399-1410.

Annerel, E and Taerwe, L. Evolution of the strains of traditional and self-compacting concrete during and after fire. Materials and structures, 2011. 44:1369-1380.

Loser, R and Leemann, A. Shrinkage and restrained shrinkage cracking of self-compacting concrete compared to conventionally vibrated concrete. Materials and structures, 2009. 42:71-82.

Faris, A., Nadjai, A and Abid, A.T. Explosive spalling of normal strength concrete slabs subjected to severe fire. Materials and structures, 2011. 44:943-956.

Caroline, d.s. and Farid, B. Modeling of concrete nonlinear mechanical behavior at high temperatures with different damage-based approaches. Materials and structures, 2011. 44:1411-1429.

Sahmaran, M. Lachemi., Erdem, Tand Yucel, H. Use of spent foundry sand and fly ash for the development of green self-consolidating concrete. Materials and structures, 2011. 44:1193-1204.

Wong, Y. L., Fu, Y. F., Poom, C.S. and Tang, C.A. Spalling of concrete cover of fiberreinforced polymer reinforced concrete under thermal loads. Materials and structures, 2006. 39:991-999.

Gencel, O., Brostow, W., Datashvili, T, and Thedrod, M. Workability and mechanical performance of steel fiber-reinforced self-compacting concrete with fly ash. Composites interfaces, 2011. 18:169-184.

Zhang, R., Castel, A. and Francois, R. Serviceability limit state criteria based on steel-concrete bond loss for corroded reinforced concrete in chloride environmental. Materials and structures, 2011. 42:1407-1421.

Oslakovic, I. S., Bjegovic, D. and Mikulic, D. Evaluation of service life design models on concrete structures exposed to marine environment. Materials and structures, 2010. 43: 1397-1412.

Pathak, N. and Siddique, R. Properties of self-compacting-concrete containing fly ash subjected to elevated temperatures. Construction and building materials. 2012. 30 pp 274-280.


  • There are currently no refbacks.