Research Articles | Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters

Pre- and Post-Fire Strength Assessment of Ferrocement beams

Yousry B. I Shaheen, Zeinab A. Etman, Ahmed G. Ramadan

Abstract


The results of an experimental investigation on the behavior of ferrocement beams after exposed to fire are presented in this paper. Different types of steel meshes are used compared with conventional reinforcement. The experimental program comprised casting and testing of eighteen beams having the dimensions of 100mm×100mm×1000mm. Three beams were reinforced as a conventional reinforcement. Each control beam was reinforced with two steel bars of diameter 8 mm in tension, two steel bar of diameter 6mm in compression and stirrups of 6 mm diameter placed at 200 mm intervals. The ferrocement beams were reinforced with steel meshes without any stirrups. Two types of steel meshes were used to reinforce the ferrocement laminate. These types are: square welded wire fabric, and expanded wire mesh. Single layer, double layers and three layers of square welded wire mesh were employed. Single layer and double layers of expanded wire mesh were employed. The experimental program was classified into three groups. First group was tested without exposure to fire, the second group was tested after exposure to fire for six hours and the last group was tested after exposure to fire under loading. All specimens were tested under 4-points flexural loadings. The performance of the test beams in terms of strength, stiffness, cracking behavior and energy absorption was investigated. The results showed that high serviceability and ultimate loads, crack resistance control, and better deformation characteristics could be achieved by using the proposed ferrocement forms.

Keywords


ferrocement beams; rc beams; steel mesh; polypropylene fibers; ultimate load; cracking; serviceability load; ductility ratio; energy absorption; fire

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References


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