Research Articles | Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters

The Potential of Arecanut Husk Ash as Supplementary Cementitious Material

Neelu Das, Shashikant Singh

Abstract


This paper reports the recycling of arecanut husk ash (ANA) as supplementary cementitious material in respect of cement mortars. The mixes are prepared with four percentages (0, 10, 15, 20, and 25) of ANA as partial replacement of portland cement. The properties investigated are; chemical composition, particle size, presence of crystalline matter, compressive strength, water absorption and sorption. Mortar cubes are tested for compressive strength up to the age of 56 days, whereas water absorption and sorption tests are carried out at the age of 28 days. Test results have shown that ANA is an effective pozzolan up to the optimal replacement ratio of 20% cement with better water absorption characteristics.

Keywords


arecanut husk ash; compressive strength; sorptivity; water absorption; x-ray diffraction

Full Text:

PDF

References


U.S. Geological Survey, Mineral Commodity Summaries, January 2012: p.39; http://

minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/mcs/2012/mcs2012.pdf.

Müller, N. and Harnisch, J., A Blueprint for a Climate Friendly Cement Industry: How to Turn Around the Trend of Cement Related Emissions in the Developing World. A report prepared for WWF International, 2008. Gland, Switzerland.

Mohammed, S. I., Collettee, C. and Sean, M., Trends and developments in green cement and concrete technology. International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment, 2012. 1: p.194-216.

Chindaprasirt, P., Jaturapitakkul, C. and Sinsiri, T., Effect of fly ash fineness on compressive strength and pore size of blended cement paste. Cement and Concrete Composites, 2005. 27(4): p.425-428.

Barnett, J. S., Soutsos, N. M., Millard, G. S. and Bungey, H. J., Strength development of mortars containing ground granulated blast-furnace slag: Effect of curing temperature and determination of apparent activation energies. Cement and Concrete Research, 2006. 36(3): p.434-440.

Poon, S. C., Kou, C. S. and Lam, L., Compressive strength, chloride diffusivity and pore structure of high performance metakaolin and silica fume concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 2006. 20(10): p.858-865.

Ganesan, K., Rajagopal, K. and Thangavel, K., Rice husk ash blended cement: Assessment of optimal level of replacement for strength and permeability properties of concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 2008. 22(8): p.1675-1683.

Gowsika, D., Sarankokila, S. and Sargunan, K., Experimental Investigation of Egg Shell Powder as Partial Replacement with Cement in Concrete. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 2014. 14(2): p.64-68.

Yerramala, A., Properties of concrete with eggshell powder as cement replacement. The Indian Concrete Journal, 2014. October: p.94-102.

Indian Horticulture Database 2011: p.202-203; http://nhb.gov.in/area-pro/database-2011.pdf.

Yusriaha, L., Sapuana, M. S., Zainudina, S. E. and Mariattib, M., Exploring the Potential of Betel Nut Husk Fiber as Reinforcement in Polymer Composites: Effect of Fiber Maturity. Procedia Chemistry, 2012. 4: p.87-89.

Abiola, S. O., Kupolati, K. W., Sadiku, R. E. and Ndambuki, M. J., Utilisation of natural fibre as modifier in bituminous mixes: A review. Construction and Building Materials, 2014. 54: p.305-312.

Yatim, M. J., Khalid, A. B. H. N. and Mahjoub, R., Biocomposites for the construction materials and structures. Seminar Embracing Green Technology in Construction – Way Forward, 2011. Kuching Sarawak, Malaysia.

Lekha, M. B., Goutham, S. and Shankar, R. U. A., Evaluation of lateritic soil stabilized with Areca nut coir for low volume pavements. Transportation Geotechnics, 2015. 2: p.20-29.

IS: 8112-2013, Ordinary Portland Cement, 43 Grade – Specification, Bureau of Indian standards, New Delhi, India.

IS: 383-1970, Specification for Coarse and Fine Aggregates from Natural Sources for Concrete, Bureau of Indian standards, New Delhi, India.

IS: 1727-1967, Methods of Test for Pozzolanic Materials, Bureau of Indian standards, New Delhi, India.

IS: 1350 (Part III)-1969, Methods for Test of Coal and Coke - Determination of Sulphur, Bureau of Indian standards, New Delhi, India.

IS: 1355-1984, Methods of Determination of the Chemical Composition of Ash of Coal and Coke, Bureau of Indian standards, New Delhi, India.

Basett, J., Denney, C. R., Jerrery, H. G. and Mendham, J., Vogel's text book of quantitative inorganic analysis, 1986. Longman Group, England.

IS: 1489(Part-1)-1991, Portland-Pozzolana Cement-Specification, Bureau of Indian standards, New Delhi, India.

IS:4031(Part-4)-1988, Methods of Physical Tests for Hydraulic Cement - Determination of Consistency of Standard Cement Paste, Bureau of Indian standards, New Delhi, India.

IS:4031(Part-5)-1988, Methods of Physical Tests for Hydraulic Cement - Determination of Initial and Final Setting Times, Bureau of Indian standards, New Delhi, India.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.