Open Journal Systems

Structural behavior of recycled aggregates concrete filled steel tubular columns

Boshra Eltaly, Ahmed Bembawy, Nageh Meleka, Kameel Kandil



This paper presents an experimental and numerical investigation to determine the behavior of steel tubular columns filled with recycled aggregates concrete up to failure under constant axial compression loads. The experimental program included two steel tube columns, four recycled concrete columns and eight composite columns filled with different types of recycled coarse aggregates (granite and ceramic). Different percentages of recycled coarse aggregates: 0, 25 and 50 of the percentage of the coarse aggregates (dolomite) were used. The results of the numerical model that was employed by the finite element program, ANSYS, were compared with the experimental results. The results of the experimental study and the finite element analysis were compared with the design equations using different national building codes: AISC1999, AISC2005 and EC4. The results indicated that the recycled aggregates concrete infill columns have slightly lower but comparable ultimate capacities compared with the specimens filled with normal concrete.


recycled concrete; composite columns; structural hollow steel; finite element method; buckling analysis

Full Text:



Aboul-Anen B, El-Shafey A, El-Shami M (2009). Experimental and analytical model of ferrocement slabs. International Journal of Recent Trends in Engineering, 1(6), 25-29.

AISC-LRFD (1999). Load and resistance factor design specification for structural steel buildings. American Institute of Steel Construction, Chicago, USA.

AISC-LRFD (2005). Specification for structural steel buildings. American Institute of Steel Construction, Chicago, USA.

ANSYS (2006). Help and Manual. ANSYS Inc., PA, USA.

Bradford MA, Loh HY, Uy B (2002). Slenderness limits for filled circular steel tubes. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 58, 243-252.

Butler L, West JS, Tighe SL (2011). The effect of recycled concrete aggregate properties on the bond strength between RCA concrete and steel reinforcement. Cement and Concrete Research, 41, 1037-1049.

Campian C, Nagy Z, Pop M (2015). Behavior of fully encased steel-concrete composite columns subjected to monotonic and cyclic loading. Procedia Engineering, 117, 439-451.

Chen J, Jin WL (2010). Experimental investigation of thin-walled complex section concrete-filled steel stub columns. Journal of Thin-Walled Structures, 48, 718-724.

E.C.P. 203/2007 (2007). Egyptian code of practice: design and construction for reinforced concrete structures. Research Centre for Houses Building and Physical Planning, Cairo, Egypt.

E.S.S. 1109/2008 (2008). Egyptian standard specification for aggregates. Egyptian Standard Specification. Ministry of Industry, Cairo, Egypt.

E.S.S. 2070/2007 (2007). Egyptian standard specifications for plain and reinforcement concrete. Egyptian Standard Specification. Ministry of Industry, Cairo, Egypt.

E.S.S. 4756-1/2009 (2009). Egyptian standard specification for ordinary Portland cement. Egyptian Standard Specification. Ministry of Industry, Cairo, Egypt.

Etxeberria M, Vázquez E, Marí A, Barra M (2007). Influence of amount of recycled coarse aggregates and production process on properties of recycled aggregate concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 37, 735-742.

Eurocode 4 (2004). European standard: design of composite steel and concrete structures. European Committee for Standardization, Brussels, Belgium.

Evangelista L, de Brito J (2007). Mechanical behavior of concrete made with fine recycled concrete aggregates. Cement & Concrete Composites, 29, 397-401.

Gomez-Soberon JMV (2002). Porosity of recycled concrete with substitution of recycled concrete aggregate; an experimental study. Cement and Concrete Research, 32, 1301-1311.

Hoque M (2006). 3D Nonlinear Mixed Finite-Element Analysis of RC Beams and Plates with and without FRP Reinforcement. M.Sc. thesis. University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Lam D, Gardner L (2008). Structural design of stainless steel concrete filled columns. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 64, 1275-1282.

Liang QQ (2012). Biaxial loaded high-strength concrete-filled steel tubular slender beam-columns, Part I: Multiscale simulation. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 75, 64-71.

Mander JB, Priestley MJN, Park R (1988). Theoretical stress-strain model for confined concrete. Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, 114(8), 1804-1826.

Marco Breccolotti M, Materazzi AL (2010). Structural reliability of eccentrically-loaded sections in RC columns made of recycled aggregate concrete. Engineering Structures, 32, 3704-3712.

Oikonomou ND (2005). Recycled concrete aggregates. Cement & Concrete Composites, 27, 315-318.

Patel V, Lande PS (2016). Analytical behavior of concrete filled steel tubular columns under axial compression. International Journal of Engineering Research, 5(Special 3), 629-632.

Patton ML, Singh KD (2014). Finite element modeling of concrete-filled lean duplex stainless steel tubular stub columns. International Journal of Steel Structures, 14(3), 619-632.

Poon CS, Shui ZH, Lam L, Fok H, Kou SC (2004). Influence of moisture states of natural and recycled aggregates on the slump and compressive strength of concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 34, 31-36.

Sakino K, Nakahara H, Morino S, Nishiyama I (2004). Behavior of centrally loaded concrete- filled steel-tube short columns. Journal of Structural Engineering, 2(130), 180-8.

Salem AH (1970). Extension of stability considerations to the simple plastic theory. The Bulletin of the Faculty of Engineering, No. 4, Ain Shams University, Egypt.

Schneider SP (1998). Axially loaded concrete-filled steel tubes. Journal of Structural Engineering, 10(124), 1125-38.

Schubert S, Hoffmann C, Leemann A, Moser K, Motavalli M (2012). Recycled aggregate concrete: experimental shear resistance of slabs without shear reinforcement. Engineering Structures, 41, 490-497.

Shaheen YBI, Eltaly B, Abdul-Fataha S (2014). Structural performance of ferrocement beams reinforced with composite materials. Structural Engineering and Mechanics, 50(6), 817-834.

Shaheen YBI, Eltaly B, Kameel M (2013). Experimental and analytical investigation of ferrocement water pipe. Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology, 4(4), 157-167.

Shanmugam NE, Lakshmi B (). State of art report on steel-concrete composite columns. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 57, 1041-80, 2001.

Singh G (2006). Finite Element Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Shear Walls. M.Sc. thesis. Deemed University, India.

Uy B (1998). Local and post-local buckling of concrete filled steel welded box columns. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 47, 47-72.

Uy B (2001). Strength of short concrete filled high strength steel box columns. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 57, 113-134.

Vazirani VN, Ratwani MM (1996). Analysis of Structures. Textbook for Engineering Students, Khanna Publishers, China.

Wilson EL, Taylor RL, Doherty WP, Ghaboussi J (1973). Incompatible Displacement Models. In: Numerical and Computer Methods in Structural Mechanics. Academic Press, Inc., New York and London, 43-57.

Zega CJ, Di Maio AA (2011). Use of recycled fine aggregate in concretes with durable requirements. Waste Management, 31(11), 2336-2340.

Zuboski GR (2013). Stress-strain behavior for actively confined concrete using Shape Memory Alloy Wires. Ph.D thesis. The Ohio State University, Columbus, USA.


  • There are currently no refbacks.