Research Articles | Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics

Elastic foundation effects on arch dams

Muhammet Karabulut, Murat Emre Kartal, Omer Faruk Capar, Murat Cavusli



Earthquake response of an arch dam should be calculated under ground motion effects. This study presents three-dimensional linear earthquake response of an arch dam. Thereby, we considered different ground motion effects and also foundation conditions in the finite element analyses. For this purpose, the Type 3 double curvature arch dam was selected for application. All numerical analyses are carried out by SAP2000 program for empty reservoir cases. In the scope of this study, linear modal time-history analyses are performed using three dimensional finite element model of the arch dam and arch dam-foundation interaction systems. According to numerical analyses, maximum horizontal displacements and maximum normal stresses are presented by dam height in the largest section. These results are evaluated for rigid and various elastic foundation conditions. Furthermore, near-fault and far-field ground motion effects on the selected arch dam are taken into account by different accelerograms obtained from the Loma Prieta earthquake at various distances.


elastic foundation; far-field ground motion; near-fault ground motion; Type 3 arch dam

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Peer-review under responsibility of the organizing committee of ACE2016.


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