Research Articles | Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics

The effect of different fineness values of Afşin Elbistan fly ash on permeability in concrete

Demet Demir Şahin, Mustafa Çullu, Hasan Eker



Too much CO2 is released during cement production. In many researches, the use of natural or recycled compounds plays an important role in the cement composition. The use of these components contributes both to reducing the amount of waste and to protecting the environment in nature. It is possible to produce an environmentally friendly concrete, thanks to its being a fly ash thermal power plant waste and its use as mineral additive in terms of its composition. In this study, it is aimed to produce impermeable concretes with the use of C type fly ash as substitutes for cement in concrete composition in substitution rates of 10 %, 30 % and 50 %. In order to reduce the permeability of concrete in this direction, as a result of grinding the fly ash in the ball mill for 0, 10, 20, 30, 45 and 60 minutes, concrete samples were prepared with and without admixture (Reference). Capillarity test was performed to determine the permeability at the end of cure periods of 28 and 90 days on concrete samples. According to the results obtained at the end of 28 days, the best impermeability was achieved in the mixture with 50 % fly ash replacement and 60 minutes grinding time. In 90 days, the best impermeability was obtained in the mixture with 30 % fly ash replacement and 0 minutes of grinding time. As a result, it was seen that permeability decreased with increasing thinness and substitution rate of fly ash in concrete composition.


fly ash; concrete; cement; permeability; C type

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