Research Articles | Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics

Seismic behavior analysis of multi-story reinforced concrete buildings having torsional irregularity

Turgut Öztürk, Zübeyde Öztürk, Onur Öztürk



Earthquakes are one of the most important and hazardous natural disasters in the world and in our country. They also have lots of characteristics from the point of effects caused by them. For this reason it requires special engineering approach to analyze those effects and to design earthquake resistant structures. Almost all of the life losses caused by the earthquakes are related with improperly designed buildings safety of which are not ensured against severe earthquakes. Structural damages and collapses cause very important economical losses. So, understanding of the characteristics of an earthquake and correct determination of the behavior of buildings under earthquake excitation turn out to be the most important requirement to build earthquake resistant buildings. When we take into consideration the destructive effects of severe earthquakes that happened especially in recent years (Kocaeli 1999, Düzce 1999) one can easily see the importance of knowing the behavior of buildings under earthquake loads. In this study torsional effects that occur during earthquake excitations are analyzed in multi-story reinforced concrete buildings. In that manner the behavior of reinforced concrete structures under earthquake loads are examined and by the way the behaviors of structures having torsional irregularities are enlightened and clarified. Moreover the effects of rigidity, ultimate capacity and ductility on the behavior of structures under ground motion are summarized. Torsional irregularity is a key irregularity in determination of the method to be used in earthquake analysis. Definition of the torsional irregularity of a multi-story reinforced concrete building is explained in accordance with Turkish Earthquake Code and the related principles of computations that have to be followed according to the code are given. Multi-story reinforced concrete buildings are classified according to their plan geometry and the effects of plan geometry on the torsional irregularity are explained. While in certain structures torsional irregularity may happen in very high levels in some structures it may happen so small that can be safely omitted. For that reason buildings forming torsional irregularity are classified and their characteristics and torsional irregularity parameters are given. Shear walls without causing any torsional irregularity on buildings having different plan geometries are shown.


earthquake; seismic behavior; multi-story building; torsional irregularity; building codes

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