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HVAC systems: measurements of airflows in small duct length

Clito Félix Alves Afonso



One of the most feasible ways to measure duct airflows is by tracer gas techniques, especially for complex situations when the duct lengths are short as well as their access, which makes extremely difficult or impossible other methods to be implemented. One problem associated with the implementation of tracer gas technique when the ducts lengths are short is due to the impossibility of achieving complete mixing of the tracer with airflow and its sampling. In this work, the development of a new device for the injection of tracer gas in ducts is discussed as well as a new tracer-sampling device. The developed injection device has a compact tubular shape, with magnetic fixation to be easy to apply in duct walls. An array of sonic micro jets in counter current direction, with the possibility of angular movement according to its main axle ensures a complete mixing of the tracer in very short distances. The tracer-sampling device, with a very effective integration function, feeds the sampling system for analysis. Both devices were tested in a wind tunnel of approximately 21m total length. The tests distances between injection and integration device considered were: X/Dh=22; X/Dh=4; X/Dh=2; and X/Dh=1. For very short distances of X/Dh=2 and X/Dh=1, semi empirical expressions were needed. A good reproducibility of airflow rate values was obtained. These preliminary tests showed that the practical implementation of tracer gas techniques in HVAC systems for measuring airflow rates with a very short mixing distance is possible with the devices developed.


tracer gas; airflow; constant emission; injection device; sampling device; sonic micro jet

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Peer-review under responsibility of the organizing committee of ICEM17.


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