Research Articles | Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters

The physico-mechanical properties of concrete with red-mud at high temperatures

Ibrahim A. Alameri, Meral Oltulu


DOI: https://doi.org/10.20528/cjcrl.2020.04.001

Abstract


Reuse of treated waste can provide significant environmental, social and economic benefits. It is necessary to use it in the right places while keeping the properties of the waste in mind. Aluminum-rich wastes such as red mud derived from bauxite may be used in places exposed to high temperatures. This article discusses the effects of high temperatures of 25, 200, 300, 400, 600 and 800°C and 3 hours of exposure on concrete samples replaced by red mud at 0, 10, 15 and 20%. To study the concrete’s mechanical and permeability properties, loss in weight, compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, capillary water absorption and water permeability tests were performed for all mixes. Results were closer to those of the control specimen, which ultimately supported the use of red mud at a ratio of 10%.


Keywords


waste materials; red-mud; elevated temperatures; mechanical properties; permeability; capillary water absorption

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alameri I (2017). Atık Kırmızı Çamur ve Nano Al2O3 Katkılı Betonların Yüksek Sıcaklık Sonrası Fiziksel ve Mekanik Özelliklerinin İncelenmesi. MSc thesis, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey. (in Turkish)

Alameri I, Oltulu M (2019). The effect of high temperatures on the properties of hardened concrete with bauxite residue materials. Mas International Conference on Mathematics-Engıneering-Natural & Medical Sciences, Erzurum, Turkey.

Alameri I, Oltulu M, Ardahanlı M (2019). Effect of early-age temperature on the behavior of concrete containing silica fume. 3rd International Conference on Advanced Engineering Technologies, Bayburt, Turkey.

AlSheikh SA (2011). Mechanical properties for high performance concrete exposed to high temperature. International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering, 2(2), 435–444.

Ardahanlı M, Oltulu M, Alameri I (2019). Evaluation of the mechanical propertıes of self-compacting concrete containing fly ash subjected to early-age temperature. Hoca Ahmet Yesevi 2. Uluslararası Bilimsel Araştırmalar Kongresi, Erzurum, Turkey.

ASTM C1585-13 (2013). Standard Test Method for Measurement of Rate of Absorption of Water by Hydraulic-Cement Concretes. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.

Baradan B, Yazıcı H, Ün H (2010). Beton ve betonarme yapılarda durabilite. Türkiye Hazır Beton Birliği, Turkey.

Beglarigale A, Yalçınkaya Ç, Yigiter H, Yazıcı H (2016). Flexural performance of SIFCON composites subjected to high temperature. Construction and Building Materials, 104, 99–108.

Behnood A, Ghandehari M (2009). Comparison of compressive and splitting tensile strength of high-strength concrete with and without polypropylene fibers heated to high temperatures. Fire Safety Journal, 44, 1015–1022.

Bishetti PN, Pammar L (2014). Experimental study on utilization of industrial waste in concrete. International Journal of Technical Research and Applications, 2(4), 49-52.

DIN 1048-5 (1991). Determination of permeability of concrete. Deutsches Institut für Normung eV, Germany.

Hu W, Nie Q, Huang B, Shu X, He Q (2018). Mechanical and microstructural characterization of geopolymers derived from red mud and fly ashes. Journal of Cleaner Production, 186, 799-806.

Kushwaha M, Akhtar S, Rajput S (2013). Development of the self compacting concrete by industrial waste (red mud). International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, 3(4), 539-542.

Liu R, Poon C (2016). Effects of red mud on properties of self-compacting mortar. Journal of Cleaner Production, 135, 1170-1178.

Manfroi EP, Cheriaf M, Rocha JC (2014). Microstructure, mineralogy and environmental evaluation of cementitious composites produced with red mud waste. Construction and Building Materials, 67, 29-36.

Medeiros MHF, Helene P (2009). Surface treatment of reinforced concrete in marine environment: Influence on chloride diffusion coefficient and capillary water absorption. Construction and Building Materials, 23, 1476–1484.

Metilda DL, Selvamony C, Anandakumar R, Seeni A (2015). Investigations on optimum possibility of replacing cement partially by redmud in concrete. Scientific Research and Essays, 10(4), 137-143.

Nath H, Sahoo P, Sahoo A (2015). Characterization of red mud treated under high temperature fluidization. Powder Technology, 269, 233–239.

Oltulu M, Alameri I (2019). The mechanical properties of concrete with red mud (bauxite residue) and nano-Al2O3 at high temperatures. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 28(6), 4692-4701.

Rana AY and Sathe NA (2015). Analysing the potential substitute of red mud in concrete adding lime and silica. International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, 5(4), 410-414.

Rathod RR, Kulkarni PM, Shingade VS, Deshmukh SS (2015). Suitability of red mud as an admixture in concrete. International Journal of Modern Trends in Engineering and Research, 4th International Conference on Recent Trends in Engineering and Technology. SNJB's KBJ College of Engineering, Chandwad, Nashik, Maharashtra, India.

Rathod RR, Suryawanshi NT, Memade PD (2014). Evaluation of the properties of red mud concrete. Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Second International Conference on Emerging Trends in Engineering, Dr.J.J. Magdum College of Engineering, Jaysingpu, India.

Ribeiro DV, Labrincha JA, Morelli MR (2010). Use of red mud as addition for portland cement mortars. Journal of Materials Science and Engineering, 4(8), 1-8.

Ruano G, Isla F, Luccioni B, Zerbino R, Giaccio G (2018). Steel fibers pull-out after exposure to high temperatures and its contribution to the residual mechanical behavior of high strength concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 163, 571-585.

Sancak E, Dursun Sari Y, Simsek O (2008). Effects of elevated temperature on compressive strength and weight loss of the light-weight concrete with silica fume and superplasticizer. Cement & Concrete Composites, 30, 715–721.

Sanchayan S, Foster SJ (2016). High temperature behaviour of hybrid steel–PVA fibre reinforced reactive powder concrete. Materials and Structures, 49, 769–782.

Sawant AB, Kumthekar MB, Diwan VV, Hiraskar KG (2012). Experimental study on partial replacement of cement by neutralized red mud in concrete. International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, 2(1), 282-286.

Tang L (2014). Study of the possibilities of using Red Mud as an additive in concrete and grout mortar. Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co., Stockholm, Sweden.

Tanyıldızı H, Asiltürk E (2018). High temperature resistance of polymer-phosphazene concrete for 365 days. Construction and Building Materials, 174, 741-748.

Torić N, Boko I, Juradin S, Baloević G (2014). Post-fire reductıon of concrete's mechanical properties and its impact on residual load capacity. 8th International Conference on Structures in Fire, Shanghai, China.

TS EN 196-1 (2016). Methods of testing cement-Part 1: Determination of strength. Turkish Standards Institute, TSE, Ankara, Turkey.

TS EN 197-1 (2012). Cement Part 1: Compositions and conformity criteria for common cements. Turkish Standards Institute, TSE, Ankara, Turkey.

TS EN 206 (2014). Design of concrete mixes. Turkish Standards Institute, TSE, Ankara, Turkey.

TS EN 1097-6 (2013). Specific gravity and water absorption. Turkish Standards Institute, TSE, Ankara, Turkey.

TS EN 12390-3 (2013). Testing hardened concrete–Part 3: Compressive strength of test specimens. Turkish Standards Institute, TSE, Ankara, Turkey.

TS EN 12390-6 (2010). Testing hardened concrete: tensile strength of test specimens. Turkish Standards Institute, TSE, Ankara, Turkey.

Zhu W, Bartos PJM (2003). Permeation properties of self-compacting concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 33(6), 921-926.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.