Research Articles | Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters

Experimental and FE simulations of Ferrocement Domes Reinforced with Composite Materials

Yousry Shaheen, Boshra Aboulanen Eltaly, Amany Hanesh


The main objective of the current researches is estimating the structure performance of ferrocement domes reinforced with composite material. The current paper presented an experimental program included casting and testing up to failure four ferrocement domes. All specimens have 1000mm diameter and 500mm height; respectively and they were reinforced with welded wire meshes (for the first and second dome), fiberglass meshes (for the third dome) and polyethylene wire meshes (for the fourth dome). The second dome is the same as the first dome except that the second dome has two opening with 100x100mm dimensions to indicate the effect of the opening in the structure behavior of ferrocement dome. Also FE simulations for all tested domes were employed. The results of the experimental program indicated that the dome reinforced with fiberglass mesh has the highest service load and ultimate load and the dome reinforced with welded wire meshes achieved highest ductility ratio and energy absorption. Additionally comparing the results of FE simulations with the experimental results showed that the results of FE simulation is closed the experimental results.


ferrocement; fiberglass mesh; polyethylene mesh; cracking; ductility; finite element simulation; nonlinear analysis

Full Text:



Aboul-Anen, B., El-Shafey, A., and El-Shami, M., “Experimental and Analytical Model of Ferrocement Slabs,” International Journal of Recent Trends in Engineering, IJJCE, Oulu, Finland, 2009.

Ali, A., “Applications of Ferrocement as a Low Cost Construction Material in Malaysia,” Journal of Ferrocement, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 123-128, April, 1995.

Al-Kubaisy, M. A., and Jumaat, M. Z., “Flexural Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Slabs with Ferrocement Tension Zone Cover,” Journal of Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 14, pp. 245-252, 2000.

Robles-Austriaco, L., Pama, R. P., and Valls, J., “Ferrocement an Innovative Technology for Housing,” Journal of Ferrocement, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 23-47, 1981.

Elavenil, S., and Chandrasekar, V., “Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Beams Strengthened with Ferrocement,” International Journal of Applied Engineering Research,Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 431-440, 2007.

Fahmy, E. H., Shaheen, Y. B., and Korany, Y. S., “Use of Ferrocement Laminates for Repairing Reinforced Concrete Slabs,” Journal of Ferrocement, Vol. 27, No. 3, pp. 219-232, July, 1997.

Jumaat, M., and Alam A., “Flexural Strengthening of Reinforced Concrete Beams Using Ferrocement Laminate with Skeletal Bars,” Journal of Applied Sciences Research, Vol. 2, No. 9, pp. 559-566, 2006.

Kaish, M. A., Alam, A. B., Jamil, M. R., Zain, M. F., Wahed, M. A., “Improved Ferrocement Jacketing for Restrengthening of Square RC Short Column,” Journal of Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 36,pp. 228–237, 2012.

Mourad, S. M., and Shannag, M. J., “Repair and Strengthening of Reinforced Concrete Square Columns Using Ferrocement Jackets,” Journal of Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol. 34, pp. 288–294, 2012.

Xiong, G. J., Wu, X. Y., Li, F.F., and Yan, Z. “Load Carrying Capacity and Ductility of Circular Concrete Columns Confined by Ferrocement Including Steel Bars,”Journal of Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 25, pp. 2263–2268, 2011.

El-Sakhawy, Y., “Structural Behavior of Ferrocement Roof Elements,” B. Sc. Thesis, Minufiya University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt, 2000.

El-Halfawy, E., “Flexural Behavior of Ferrocement Deck Bridges,” M.Sc. thesis, Minufiya University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt, 2003.

Shaheen, Y., Safan, M., and Abdalla, M., “Structural Behavior of Composite Reinforced Ferrocement Plates,” Journal of Concrete Research Letters, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 621-638, 2013.

Al-Rifaei, W. N., and Hassan, A. H., “Structural Behavior of Thin Ferrocement One-way Bending Elements,” Journal of Ferrocement, Vol. 24, No. 2, pp.115-126, 1994.

Wieland, M., “Analyses and Design of Shell Structures,” Short Course on Design and Construction of Ferrocement Structures, International Ferrocement Information Center, Bangkok, Thailand, 1985.

Jennings, P. J., “Unique Shape: Mosque Domes from Modern Techniques, Concrete International: Design and Construction,” Vol. 5, No. 11, pp. 41-45, 1983.

Elsakka, M. M., “Structural analysis of Ferrocement spherical domes,” Ph. D. Dissertation, Minufiya University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt, 2012.

Al-Rifaie, W. N., and Azad A., “Experimental Investigation on Thin Ferrocement Dome Structures,” International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 373-377, 2013.

Daniel, I., and Shah, P., “Fiber Reinforced Concrete, developments and innovations,” American Concrete Institute, SP-142, 1994.

Al-sayed, H., and Al-hozaimy, M., “Ductility of Concrete Beams Reinforced with FRP Bars and Steel Fibers,” Journal of Composite Material, Vol.33, No. 19, pp.1792–806, 1999.

Harris, G., Somboonsong, W., and Ko, K., “New Ductile Hybrid FRP Reinforcing Bar for Concrete Structures,” Journal of Composite Construction, Vol. 2, No.1, PP.28–37, 1998.

Li, C., and Wang, S., “Flexural Behaviors of Glass Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) Reinforced Engineered Cementitious Composite Beams,” Journal of Material, Vol. 99, No. 1, PP. 11–21, 2002.

Qu, W., Zhang, X., and Huang, H., “Flexural behavior of concrete beams reinforced with hybrid (GFRP and steel) bars,” Journal of Composite Construction, Vol. 13, No. 5, 2009.

Sakthivel, P., and Jagannathan, A., “Study of Flexural Ferrocement and Thin Reinforced Cement Behavior of Ferrocement Slabs Reinforced with PVC-coated Weld Mesh,” International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Vol. 1, No. 12, pp. 50-57, 2012.

Sakthivel, P., and Jagannathan, A., “Fibrous Ferrocement Composite with PVC-coated Weld Mesh and Bar-chip Polyolefin Fibers,” International Journal of EOMATE, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 381-388, 2012.

Hafiz, A., “Structural Behaviour of Ferrocement channels Beams,” M. Sc. thesis, Minufiya University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt, 2012.

Shaheen,Y., Soliman, N., and. Hafiz, A., “Structural Behavior of Ferrocement channels Beams,” Journal of Concrete research Letters, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 621-638. 2013.

Abdul-Fataha S., “Structural Behavior of Concrete Beams Reinforced with Innovative Materials,” M. Sc. thesis, Minufiya University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt, 2014.

Shaheen, Y. Eltaly B. and Abdul-Fataha S., “Structural Performance of Ferrocement Beams Reinforced with Composite Materials,” Structural Engineering and Mechanics, Vol. 50, No. 6, PP. 817-834, 2014.

State-of-the-Art Report on Ferrocement, Reported by ACI Committee 549, 1980.

E.S.S “Egyptian Standard Specifications for Plain and Reinforcement Concrete,” Egypt, No. 2070-2007, 2011.

ANSYS, “Help and Manual,” 12th Editor, ANSYS Inc, PA, USA, 2006.

Hoque, M., “3D Nonlinear Mixed Finite-element Analysis of RC Beams and Plates with and without FRP Reinforcement,” M. Sc. Thesis, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, 2006.

Singh, G., “Finite Element Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Shear Walls,” M. Sc. Thesis, Deemed University, India, 2006.

Shaheen, Y. B. I., Eltaly, B. and Kameel, M., “Experimental and Analytical Investigation of Ferrocement Water Pipe,” Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technolog, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 157-167, May, 2013.

E.C.P. “Egyptian code of practice: design and construction for reinforced concrete structures,” Research Centre for Houses Building and Physical Planning, Cairo, Egypt, No. 203, 2007.


  • There are currently no refbacks.