Research Articles | Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters

Predictability of concrete damage level by non-destructive test methods

Boğaçhan Akça, Süleyman Bahadır Keskin, Aysu Göçügenci


DOI: https://doi.org/10.20528/cjcrl.2021.04.004

Abstract


Non-destructive methods have many advantages over traditional test methods, especially since it does not damage the specimen, it can be used multiple times on the same specimen. These advantages also provide a great benefit in terms of following the property development in concrete as the same specimens are used which eliminates the variations related to the specimens. In this study, it is aimed to determine the damaged amount of concrete produced with different binders by electrical bulk resistivity, resonance frequency, and ultrasonic pulse velocity methods. Firstly, concretes containing different binders were produced, and along with the mechanical properties, ultrasonic wave velocity, resonance frequency, and electrical resistivity values of the produced concrete were determined at the 7, 28, and 90 days. Besides, the specimens were subjected to gradually increase compressive loads and non-destructive methods were used to estimate the extent of damage on specimens. It was attempted to establish a relationship between the damage on concrete specimens and the results obtained by non-destructive methods. Consequently, the compressive strength, electrical resistivity, ultrasonic pulse velocity and resonance frequency values of all specimens increased with the advancing age. It was concluded that the resonant frequency method is more successful than other methods in estimating the amount of damage in concrete.


Keywords


non-destructive testing; concrete; damage; mineral admixtures; compressive strength

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